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THE SEVENTH DAY ADVENTIST CHURCH



Exodus 20


Exo 20:1  And God spake all these words, saying, Exo 20:2  I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Exo 20:3  Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Exo 20:4  Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Exo 20:5  Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; Exo 20:6  And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. Exo 20:7  Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. 

Exo 20:8  Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 
Exo 20:9  Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: Exo 20:10  But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: Exo 20:11  For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. Exo 20:12  Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. Exo 20:13  Thou shalt not kill. Exo 20:14  Thou shalt not commit adultery. Exo 20:15  Thou shalt not steal. Exo 20:16  Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. Exo 20:17  Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.



It is a requirement from God that everybody keeps the Sabbath day holy. As you see, it is the fourth ordinance among the Ten Commandments that God gave to Moses and Israel.

As Catholic Church, Protestant Church, Mormon Church, Jehovah Witness Church and others have their obligatory confessions to go to heaven, Adventist believers have their conditions too.

The major confession they profess is the Sabbath day.  Thus, as we are going to read several passages that relate to the Sabbath day, we will see whether or not the Adventist church truly observes the Sabbath day. 





Exo 31:12  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Exo 31:13  Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you. Exo 31:14

Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. Exo 31:15  Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. Exo 31:16  Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. Exo 31:17  It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.

Firstly, these verses do not only teach to observe the 7th day, but also other Sabbaths. So, if the Adventist church only observe Saturday as Sabbath day and despise the others, they violate all the other commandments.

Secondly, when someone violates the Sabbath, he shall surely be put to death. Today, how often someone get killed because he violates the Sabbath day? I do not think we have seen that even once. This law is part of observing the Sabbath day, if you do not do it, you violate the Sabbath day.

Thirdly, if those who truly believe in a physical day pretend that the New Testament, with Jesus, abolishes the death penalty to those who violate the Sabbath day, they violate it anyway. As most Adventist Church says, according to verse 17, God had given the weekly Sabbath as a perpetual ordinance. Likewise, the death penalty is also forever. When you violate one of God's laws, you are guilty of all of them. 

Jas 2:10
  For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. 
Jas 2:11  For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law.





Exo 35:1  And Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These are the words which the LORD hath commanded, that ye should do them. Exo 35:2  Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death. Exo 35:3  Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day. Lev 16:31  It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever. Lev 16:32  And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and 
whom he shall consecrate to minister in the priest's office in his father's stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen clothes, even the holy garments: Lev 16:33  And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.  Lev 16:34  And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.

Today, what about the atonement that shall be an everlasting statute unto them? At the time of that practice, animals were killed as a shadow of that atonement. So, if they continue to observe a physical Sabbath, they also need to kill physical animals, because this is also part of an everlasting statute. Otherwise they violate the physical Sabbath. 

Num 15:32  And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day. Num 15:33  And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation. Num 15:34  And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him. Num 15:35  And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp. Num 15:36  And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses.  

This has to be done today if the Adventist Church truly wants to respect the physical Sabbath day. Otherwise they are in big trouble, because they cannot keep all the law.  

Jas 2:10
  For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. 
Jas 2:11  For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. 





Lev 23:1  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Lev 23:2  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts. Lev 23:3  Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings. Lev 23:4  These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. Lev 23:5  In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S passover. Lev 23:6  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. Lev 23:7  In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. Lev 23:8  But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

Lev 23:9  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 
Lev 23:10  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: Lev 23:11  And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. Lev 23:12  And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD. Lev 23:13  And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.

Lev 23:14  And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. Lev 23:15  And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: Lev 23:16  Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD. Lev 23:17  Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD. Lev 23:18  And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD. 

Lev 23:19  Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings. Lev 23:20  And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest. Lev 23:21  And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations. Lev 23:22  And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God. Lev 23:23  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Lev 23:24  Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Lev 23:25  Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD

Lev 23:26  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 
Lev 23:27  Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD. Lev 23:28  And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God. Lev 23:29  For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. Lev 23:30  And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. Lev 23:31  Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. Lev 23:32  It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath. 

Lev 23:33  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 
Lev 23:34  Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD. Lev 23:35  On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.Lev 23:36  Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein. Lev 23:37  These are the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day: Lev 23:38  Beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.

Lev 23:39  Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. Lev 23:40  And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days. Lev 23:41  And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month. Lev 23:42  Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: Lev 23:43  That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God. Lev 23:44  And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD. Lev 24:1  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Lev 24:2  Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamps to burn continually. Lev 24:3  Without the vail of the testimony, in the tabernacle of the congregation, shall Aaron order it from the evening unto the morning before the LORD continually: it shall be a statute for ever in your generations. 


What are the meanings of these feasts?

These feasts were to be observed physically in the past. But the majority of them were accomplished during the the time of Jesus, 7 B.C. - 33 A.D.:

-          14th of the 1st month (Nisan of the Jewish calendar), or the Passover, was Friday 1st in A.D. 33, when Jesus died. 

-          15th -22nd of the 1st month was the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The 15th of Nisan (April 2nd 33 A.D.) was a Sabbath day, and Jesus rested in the        tomb. 

-       The next day, Nisan 16th or April 3, 33 A.D., was the Sunday of the resurrection. Fifty days later from that day ended on Sunday 22 of Mai, the           Pentecost (6 Sivan, which was the third month of the Jewish calendar). Thatís where also the protestant people find their claim to worship on               Sunday as a day of victory. They consider Sunday as a new Sabbath or a day of both physical and spiritual rest they have in Jesusí resurrection.  

-      The last feast is the Feast of Tabernacle, which has not been accomplished yet.  That feast is celebrated on the seventh month (Tishri). But, before it begins, the first day of the seventh month has to be observed as a Sabbath day. We know that September 25, 33 A.D., when Jesus baptized in water, corresponded to Tishri 1st in the Jewish calendar. The tenth day of the seventh month is also a day of rest and atonement. The fifteen day of the second month is the beginning of the feast of tabernacles. This feast has to be kept 7 days. Actually the feast duration is 8 days because of an additional day observed at the end.

-         From the day before Pentecost, Saturday May 21st 33 A.D., to the last day of the Feast of Tabernacle, Friday October 21st, 33 A.D., there were exactly 153 days. Likewise, From Saturday May 21st to Friday October 21st 2011, there are exactly 153 days.  This is to show you that this year 2011 is identical to the year 33 A.D., when Jesus died.

The feast of Tabernacle reflects the happiness of the people of Israel, not only for their deliverance from the land of Egypt, but also for their gratitude to God who made them dwell under tents in the wilderness. This symbolizes not only the spiritual salvation of the true believers on earth, but also the completeness of their salvation when God will take them from this sinful world. Who truly is the tent of our protection and security? Jesus Christ the Messiah. He is the savior, our resting place, or the Sabbath; it is neither a physical tent nor a physical day. That's why many days of these feasts were Sabbath days.






Lev 25:1  And the LORD spake unto Moses in mount Sinai, saying, Lev 25:2  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the land keep a sabbath unto the LORD. Lev 25:3  Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou shalt prune thy vineyard, and gather in the fruit thereof; Lev 25:4  But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard. Lev 25:5  That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, neither gather the grapes of thy vine undressed: for it is a year of rest unto the land. Lev 25:6  And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee, Lev 25:7  And for thy cattle, and for the beast that are in thy land, shall all the increase thereof be meat. 

Lev 25:8  And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years. Lev 25:9  Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. Lev 25:10  And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family. Lev 25:11  A jubile shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of thy vine undressed. Lev 25:12  For it is the jubile; it shall be holy unto you: ye shall eat the increase thereof out of the field. Lev 25:13  In the year of this jubile ye shall return every man unto his possession.

To calculate those Sabbath years, we need to know the exact year when Israel entered the land of Canaan. According to the Biblical calendar, Israel left Egypt in 1447 B.C. They spent 40 years in the wilderness, and entered into Canaan in 1407 B.C. That year, according to the Bible was a Sabbath year. But later we will see it also was a Jubilee year.

As we Begin with 1407 B.C., each alternate of seventh year was a Sabbath year. After 7 x 7 Sabbath years, which equal 49 years, we have the seventh Sabbath. The following year or the fiftieth year is called the Jubilee. This is the model given by God to calculate Sabbath year and Jubilee year. This helps us conclude that each Jubilee year is alienated 50 years from  one another. Here is a list of Jubilee years since the entrance of Canaan.

 

1407   -1357   -1307   -1257   -1207   -1157   -1107   -1057   -1007   -957   -907   -857   -807   -757   -707   -657   -607   -557   -507   -457   -407   -357   -307   -257   -207   -157   -107   -57   -7  

The last Jubilee was -7 B.C. that is the year when Jesus Christ was born.

The sound of the trumpet on the Jubilee year has to do with the proclamation of Gospel, which can free man from sins. Jesus Christ is the essence of the Sabbath year and the Jubilee. Every true believer can be rested in Him, by the freedom of the proclamation of the good news of the Gospel. So, during the Old Testament season, every year that ends with 07 or 57 is a Jubilee year.

Now, from -7 B.C., the next Sabbath year was 1 A.D.:

(7 + 1)- 1 = 7 years.

 If there was a year 0, our operation would have been:

-6 B.C. -5 B.C. -4 B.C. -3 B.C. -2 B.C. -1 B.C.  + 0 + 1 A.D. = 8 years.

The fact that we subtract 1 signifies that there is no consideration of a year 0.

So, the proper accumulation of 7 years is written in the following sequence:

-6 B.C. -5 B.C. -4 B.C. -3 B.C. -2 B.C. -1 B.C.  + 1 A.D. = 7 years.

 

Now we know that 1 A.D. was a Sabbath years. When we add more Sabbath years till the beginning of the ministry of Jesus, we have the following sequence:

8 A.D.¨ | 15 A.D| 22 A.D.|29 A.D.


29 A.D., the year of the water baptism of Christ, was a Sabbath year.

 

You see, all of those Sabbaths and Jubilees were focused to the Lord Jesus Christ. They used to be observed physically for a specific period of time. But when Christ, their reality came, this ceremonies of law had no physical value anymore. 

Seriously, this is not a difficult matter to resolve. However, we need to be careful about labeling things. Scripturally, there is no such thing as the "CHRISTIAN Sabbath".