BIBLICAL CENTER FOR BIBLE STUDIES

God's love... "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life." (Joh 3:16)

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S E C O N D  D E A T H



Does death signify cessation of existence? Yes, it is! Nobody should be uncomfortable to say it because that’s a fact. Now those who say no, it is not true; where do they get this information? I am certain it is not from the Bible.

For example, in the book Mark 9: 43-48, we read:

Mar 9:43  And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched:

Mar 9:44  Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

Mar 9:45  And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched:

Mar 9:46  Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

Mar 9:47  And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is better for thee to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire:

Mar 9:48  Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

Mar 9:49  For every one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted with 

salt. 

For those who interpret these verses physically, I never see, or heard a person pluck his eye out, destroy his hand, or his foot, so he may escape hell. 
Though the level of temptation, mankind would prefer to be a victim of it, instead of paralyzing his body. This parable of Mark 9, verses 43-49, is only showing how God can bring trials in our lives since He redeems us from eternal damnation. Anything will be for the benefit of the true believer.

Honestly, if someone truly thinks these verses are talking about physical hell, it is also required by these verses to destroy any member of his body that pushes him into sin. The fact that those requirements cannot be physical; likewise, hell will not be a physical place. 



Now, what about verses 48 and 49? I see the worm will not die. Elsewhere it refers to the all personality: 

Mat 13:42
  And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
How can you harmonize this, if hell is a physical place?


Will the body go to hell for eternity, or the spirit? If you say both will go, when, after sin, did we find such a powerful body? The truth is, if we are not a child of God, both our soul and our body will cease to exist, on judgment day:


Mat 10:28  And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.


To be destroyed signifies to die and perish. God is God, when He says He has the power to kill the soul, that's His plan, and He will execute it.
 

We need to think seriously concerning that teaching of physical hell. It does not harmonize the Bible!

The following statement was from the mouth of Jesus:


Luk 12:49  I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled?

Where and when that fire was physically kindled? Can we have a biblical reference for it? The only way, we can associate some biblical references to Jesus' declaration, is when we understand Jesus was talking about judgment of this world. That judgment will be eternal because this present world will be annihilated, so, God will create the new heaven and the new earth:


Mar 9:43  And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched:

Isa 65:17  For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be

remembered, nor come into mind. 



Ok, people say since Revelation chapter 20:10 says those who go to hell “are tormented day and night…”, hell has to be physical. We are going to examine these verses carefully:


Rev 20:10  And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever. 


Rev 20:14  And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

Rev 20:15  And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

Rev 21:4  And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.


Rev 22:5  And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign forever and ever.

The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. 1Co 15:26

The Greek number for "destroyed" is G2673 (Katargeo) that means "Entirely idle". Something that is entirely burned disappeared. We can try that by burning a piece of paper, after a moment, there is nothing.   God is a consuming fire, and everything will be consumed at the last day to be no more!

2Pe 3:10  But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

2Pe 3:11  Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness,

2Pe 3:12  Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?

2Pe 3:13  Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.

Now we can understand why there will be no night (this planet will be destroyed).

So, how the wicked will be tormented day and night?

There will be not a physical hell, because death and hell will be cast into the lake of fire, which is the second death. And death will be destroyed for eternity.

This may be reasonable for anyone whom God has opened the spiritual eyes. But for those who are still faithful to that doctrine, only God can be merciful unto you, so your eyes too might be opened.




without Christ = torment


Before we finish this study, we are going to study the meaning of "torment”. This word has to do with pain and suffering.

This is why some Bible scholars say since people can have pain in the lake of fire, they will be conscious. Here is an example of spirits who experienced torment.

 

Mar 5:1  And they came over unto the other side of the sea, into the country of the Gadarenes. 

Mar 5:2  And when he was come out of the ship, immediately there met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit, 

Mar 5:3  Who had his dwelling among the tombs; and no man could bind him, no, not with chains: 

Mar 5:4  Because that he had been often bound with fetters and chains, and the chains had been plucked asunder by him, and the fetters broken in pieces: neither could any man tame him. 

Mar 5:5  And always, night and day, he was in the mountains, and in the tombs, crying, and cutting himself with stones. 

Mar 5:6  But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and worshipped him, 

Mar 5:7  And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not. 

Mar 5:8  For he said unto him, Come out of the man, thou unclean spirit. 

Mar 5:9  And he asked him, What is thy name? And he answered, saying, My name is Legion: for we are many. 

Mar 5:10  And he besought him much that he would not send them away out of the country. 

Mar 5:11  Now there was there nigh unto the mountains a great herd of swine feeding. 

Mar 5:12  And all the devils besought him, saying, Send us into the swine, that we may enter into them. 

Mar 5:13  And forthwith Jesus gave them leave. And the unclean spirits went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea, (they were about two thousand;) and were choked in the sea. 

Mar 5:14  And they that fed the swine fled, and told it in the city, and in the country. And they went out to see what it was that was done. 

Mar 5:15  And they come to Jesus, and see him that was possessed with the devil, and had the legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid. 

Mar 5:16  And they that saw it told them how it befell to him that was possessed with the devil, and also concerning the swine. 

Mar 5:17  And they began to pray him to depart out of their coasts. 

Mar 5:18  And when he was come into the ship, he that had been possessed with the devil prayed him that he might be with him.
 

Mar 5:19  Howbeit Jesus suffered him not, but saith unto him, Go home to thy friends, and 

tell them how great things the Lord hath done for thee, and hath had compassion on thee.


In this account, we see that the evil spirits were not only tormented by the command of Christ, but also they dwelled among the bombs. That’s their spiritual death associated with the tombs.  In Luke 8, verse 31, the unclean spirits ask Jesus not to send them to the deep:

 

Luk 8:31  And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the 

deep.

 

As the pit also represents hell, it is like they were begging Jesus not to send them into hell, because their time was not yet come. 



That’s what we read somewhere else in Matthew 8:28-34. 

Mat 8:28  And when he was come to the other side into the country of the Gergesenes, there met him two possessed with devils, coming out of the tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass by that way. 

Mat 8:29  And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time? 

Mat 8:30  And there was a good way off from them an herd of many swine feeding. 

Mat 8:31  So the devils besought him, saying, If thou cast us out, suffer us to go away into the herd of swine. 

Mat 8:32  And he said unto them, Go. And when they were come out, they went into the herd of swine: and, behold, the whole herd of swine ran violently down a steep place into the sea, and perished in the waters. 

Mat 8:33  And they that kept them fled, and went their ways into the city, and told everything, and what was befallen to the possessed of the devils. 

Mat 8:34  And, behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus: and when they saw him, they

besought him that he would depart out of their coasts.

 

2Pe 2:4  For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and

delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.


This second torment will be surely their annihilation. To avoid falling in the ironic idea of an eternal physical torment, we need to understand that physical death condition is generally associated with pain and sorrow.

For example, in a funeral ceremony, though the corpse is unconscious, torment, pain, or sorrow can be seen in the behavior of the family members and friends. Also a judge, who has to enforce the law, can feel pain while sentencing a killer to death penalty.

 

Gen 6:6  And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. 


Gen 6:7  And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.


Luk 19:41  And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, 

Luk 19:42  Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.

Luk 19:43  For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, 

Luk 19:44  And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou
knewest not the time of thy visitation.

 

Luk 7:12  Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow: and much people of the city was with her. 

Luk 7:13  And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep not. 

Luk 7:14  And he came and touched the bier: and they that bare him stood still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise. 

Ecc 7:1  A good name is better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth. 

Ecc 7:2  It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that is the end of all men; and the living will lay it
to his heart. 

Eze 33:11  Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel? 

Frankly, this is the realistic way to experience sorrow in a circumstance of death. A person, without Christ, has no conscience nor any sign of living after death.  As his departure or his death is forever, the Bible describes him as being  into a fire that never shall be quenched. This also gives a sense of an eternal torment. 

Think sincerely to the subject, if God is love and merciful, why someone would spend eternity in hell? Again, I know this is not easy to understand! Mankind has no conscience without the breath of God. It is impossible there is a physical hell somewhere in the new creation. God says He will destroy all things, even the lake of fire, which is the second death. 


In Isaiah 26:14 we read:


Isa 26:14  They are dead, they shall not live; they are deceased, they shall not rise: therefore hast thou visited and destroyed them, and made all their memory to perish.

Now if Daniel 12, verses 12-13 say:

 

Dan 12:2  And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. 

Dan 12:3  And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever. 

We need to understand that the Bible has no contradictions. If we carefully look at the verse, It does not say that the sinners shall awake with life or the breath of life. It says they will awake to shame and everlasting contempt. The only way to harmonize the verse is when we realize that it is talking about their bodies exposed from the tombs. In Another sense, their corpses or remaining parts of their bodies will be exposed into this life, while the great earthquake hits the whole earth:

 

Rev 16:17  And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done. 

Rev 16:18  And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great. 

Rev 16:19  And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. 

Rev 16:20  And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 


Rev 16:21  And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.

 

 

Rev 19:11  And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. 

Rev 19:12  His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. 

Rev 19:13  And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. 

Rev 19:14  And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. 

Rev 19:15  And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 

Rev 19:16  And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS. 

Rev 19:17  And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; 


Rev 19:18  That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great. 

Rev 19:19  And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army. 

Rev 19:20  And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. 

Rev 19:21  And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh. 

Otherwise, it will be impossible to harmonize these two verses, because God already says “They shall not live” and “They shall  not rise”. He destroyed them, even their memory perished. Only the new creatures and the new creation in Christ will sustain for ever and ever.

 

Rev 21:3  And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.
 

Rev 21:4  And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away. 

Rev 21:5  And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful.


God's children have eternal life

 

Please find below, other references relative to this subject.


 

References spiritually dead:

Proverbs 21:16 ; Colossians 2:13; Revelation 20:12; Luke 9:60; John 5:25; Matthew 8:22; Ephesians 2:1-5; Psalm 116:3Romans 7:9-11; 1 Peter 4:6   


 References spiritually alive:

 Romans 8:10  1; Corinthians 15; 1Romans 8:1 John 5:12; John 6:53; John 5; Galatians 3:21; John 6:33; John 20:31; John 3; 1 John  3:14; Psm 86:13

 

References Hell and second death:

Hebrews 12:29; 2Pe 2:3; Rev 14:10; Job 4:9; John 6: 39, 40, 44, 54; Psalm 9:6; Psalm: 49:20; 2Sa 22:6; John 3:16; 1 John 3:13-15; Ecc 11:8; Jud 1: 5-7; Psa 55:15-16; Pro 7:27; Psa 16:10; Pro 15:11; Psm 16:10; Rev 14:11